M is for Mind Meditation and Meaning and the Ego The “I” and Self-Conscious Being
M = Mind, Memory, Collective Mind, Matrix, Imagination, and Emotions, Motivation, Life, Survival and Sentience.
mind (mīnd) noun
1. The human consciousness that originates in the brain and is manifested especially in thought, perception, emotion, will, memory, and imagination.
2. The collective conscious and unconscious processes in a sentient organism that direct and influence mental and physical behavior.
3. The principle of intelligence; the spirit of consciousness regarded as an aspect of reality.
4. The faculty of thinking, reasoning, and applying knowledge: Follow your mind, not your heart.
5. A person of great mental ability: the great minds of the century.
6. a. Individual consciousness, memory, or recollection: I’ll bear the problem in mind. b. A person or group that embodies certain mental qualities: the medical mind; the public mind. c. The thought processes characteristic of a person or group; psychological makeup: the criminal mind.
7. Opinion or sentiment: He changed his mind when he heard all the facts.
8. Desire or inclination: She had a mind to spend her vacation in the desert.
9. Focus of thought; attention: I can’t keep my mind on work.
10. A healthy mental state; sanity: losing one’s mind.
11. Mind Christian Science. The Deity regarded as the perfect intelligence ruling over all of divine creation.
mind·ed, mind·ing, minds
1. To bring (an object or idea) to mind; remember.
2. a. To become aware of; notice. b. Upper Southern U.S.. To have in mind as a goal or purpose; intend.
3. To heed in order to obey: The children mind well.
4. To attend to: Mind closely what I tell you.
5. To be careful about: Mind the icy sidewalk!
6. a. To care about; be concerned about. b. To object to; dislike: doesn’t mind doing the chores.
7. To take care or charge of; look after.
1. To take notice; give heed.
2. To behave obediently.
3. To be concerned or troubled; care: “Not minding about bad food has become a national obsession” (Times Literary Supplement).
4. To be cautious or careful.
[Middle English minde, from Old English gemynd.]
– mindʹer noun
Synonyms: mind, intellect, intelligence, brain, wit, reason. These nouns denote the faculty of thinking, reasoning, and acquiring and applying knowledge. Mind, opposed to heart, soul, or spirit, refers broadly to the capacities for thought, perception, memory, and decision: “No passion so effectually robs the mind of all its powers of acting and reasoning as fear” (Edmund Burke). Intellect stresses the capacity for knowing, thinking, and understanding as contrasted with feeling and willing: “Opinion is ultimately deterPSYCHOLOGY
Meditation is generally an inwardly oriented, personal practice, which individuals do by themselves. Prayer beads or other ritual objects are commonly used during meditation. Meditation may involve invoking or cultivating a feeling or internal state, such as compassion, or attending to a specific focal point. The term can refer to the state itself, as well as to practices or techniques employed to cultivate the state.
There are dozens of specific styles of meditation practice; the word meditation may carry different meanings in different contexts. Meditation has been practiced since antiquity as a component of numerous religious traditions and beliefs.
A 2007 study by the U.S. government found that nearly 9.4% of U.S. adults (over 20 million) had practiced meditation within the past 12 months, up from 7.6% (more than 15 million people) in 2002.
Since the 1960s, meditation has been the focus of increasing scientific research of uneven rigor and quality. In over 1,000 published research studies, various methods of meditation have been linked to changes in metabolism, blood pressure, brain activation, and other bodily processes. Meditation has been used in clinical settings as a method of stress and pain reduction.
Consciousness, States of
Consciousness, States of, no simple, accepted definition of consciousness exists. Definitions tend to be repetitions (for example, consciousness defined as awareness) or merely descriptive (for example, consciousness described as sensations, thoughts, or feelings).
Most philosophical discussions of consciousness arose from 17th-century French philosopher and mathematician René Descartes, who questioned the nature of consciousness as physical or nonphysical. English philosophers such as John Locke equated consciousness with physical sensations, whereas European philosophers such as Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and Immanuel Kant gave a more central and active role to consciousness. The 19th-century German educator Johann Friedrich Herbart wrote that ideas had quality and intensity and that they may inhibit or facilitate one another. This formulation anticipated the later development by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud of the concept of the unconscious.
Foundations of Modern Research
In 1876 German psychologist Wilhelm Max Wundt began researching consciousness. Wundt viewed psychology as the study of the structure of consciousness, which extended beyond sensations and included feelings, images, memory, and attention. In the early 20th century, however, the development of behaviorism in psychology removed considerations of consciousness from psychological research for about 50 years.
Interest in Altered States
In the late 1950s interest in consciousness returned, specifically in relation to altered states of consciousness such as in sleep. Studies indicated that sleep, once considered a passive state, was instead an active state of consciousness. During the 1960s an active search for “higher levels” of consciousness led to an interest in the practices of meditation, Zen Buddhism, yoga, hypnosis, and psychoactive drugs, which produce disorders of consciousness. The most prominent of these drugs are lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), mescaline, and psilocybin.
Consciousness Theory Today
A new area called cognitive psychology centers on these various states of consciousness. Humanistic psychologists, with a concern for self-actualization and personal growth, have emerged after a long period of silence. Throughout the development of clinical and industrial psychology, the conscious states of people-their current feelings and thoughts-were of obvious importance, but the role of consciousness was often deemphasized in favor of unconscious needs and motivations. Trends can be seen, however, toward a new emphasis on the nature of states of consciousness.
mined by the feelings, and not by the intellect” (Herbert Spencer). Intelligence implies the capacity for solving problems, learning from experience, and reasoning abstractly: “The world of the future will be an ever more demanding struggle against the limitations of our intelligence” (Norbert Wiener). Brain suggests strength of intellect: Anyone with a brain knows that overwork leads to decreased efficiency. Many of the most successful people are endowed with brains, talent, and perseverance. Wit stresses quickness of intelligence or facility of comprehension: “There is no such whetstone, to sharpen a good wit and encourage a will to learning, as is praise” (Roger Ascham). He lacks formal education but is adept at living by his wits. Reason, the capacity for logical, rational, and analytic thought, embraces comprehending, evaluating, and drawing conclusions: “I am sure that, since I have had the full use of my reason, nobody has ever heard me laugh” (Earl of Chesterfield). See also synonyms at tend.
Unconscious, in psychology, hypothetical part of the mind containing wishes, memories, fears, feelings, and ideas that are prevented from expression in conscious awareness. They show themselves by their influence on conscious processes and, most strikingly, by such phenomena as dreams (see Dreaming) and neurotic symptoms. The concept of the unconscious was developed in the period from 1895 to 1900 by Austrian physician and neurologist Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis.
Mental image pictures/ Memory/ Imagination
life (līf) noun
plural lives (līvz)
1. Biology. a. The property or quality that distinguishes living organisms from dead organisms and inanimate matter, manifested in functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, and response to stimuli or adaptation to the environment originating from within the organism. b. The characteristic state or condition of a living organism.
2. Living organisms considered as a group: plant life; marine life.
3. A living being, especially a person: an earthquake that claimed hundreds of lives.
4. The physical, mental, and spiritual experiences that constitute existence: the artistic life of a writer.
5. a. The interval of time between birth and death: She led a good, long life. b. The interval of time between one’s birth and the present: has had hay fever all his life. c. A particular segment of one’s life: my adolescent life. d. The period from an occurrence until death: elected for life; paralyzed for life. e. Slang. A sentence of imprisonment lasting till death.
6. The time for which something exists or functions: the useful life of a car.
7. A spiritual state regarded as a transcending of corporeal death.
8. An account of a person’s life; a biography.
9. Human existence, relationships, or activity in general: real life; everyday life.
10. a. A manner of living: led a hard life. b. A specific, characteristic manner of existence. Used of inanimate objects: “Great institutions seem to have a life of their own, independent of those who run them” (New Republic). c. The activities and interests of a particular area or realm: musical life in New York.
11. a. A source of vitality; an animating force: She’s the life of the show. b. Liveliness or vitality; animation: a face that is full of life.
12. a. Something that actually exists regarded as a subject for an artist: painted from life. b. Actual environment or reality; nature.
13. Christian Science. God.
as big as life
2. Actually present.
bring to life
1. To cause to regain consciousness.
2. To put spirit into; to animate.
3. To make lifelike.
come to life
To become animated; grow excited.
for dear life
Desperately or urgently: I ran for dear life when I saw the tiger.
Till the end of one’s life.
for the life of (one)
Though trying hard: For the life of me I couldn’t remember his name.
not on your life Informal
Absolutely not; not for any reason whatsoever.
take (one’s) life
To commit suicide.
take (someone’s) life
To commit murder.
the good life
A wealthy, luxurious way of living.
the life of Riley Informal
An easy life.
the life of the party Informal
An animated, amusing person who is the center of attention at a social gathering.
to save (one’s) life
No matter how hard one tries: He can’t ski to save his life.
true to life
Conforming to reality.
[Middle English, from Old English līf.]
BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES & CONCEPTS
Life, term used to summarize the activities characteristic of all species from such primitive forms as cyanobacteria to plants and animals. These activities fall into two major categories: reproduction and metabolism. The process of reproduction is controlled by the properties of certain large molecules called nucleic acids. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) forms the hereditary material that can be passed from one cell or living thing to another, because DNA molecules can make copies of themselves. Reproduction therefore involves making copies of the molecules of a living thing and ultimately results in copies of the entire living thing (see Genetics; Heredity).
The other major activity of living organisms is metabolism, the physical and chemical processes by which energy from the environment is used in such activities as reproduction, growth, locomotion, and responsiveness to the environment. The energy source can be either the sun’s radiant energy, converted to a usable form by photosynthesis, or the chemical energy of food. A precise definition of life is difficult, but, generally, an organism is considered alive if both metabolism and reproduction are active.
The only exceptions to this description of life are viruses. They are only partly alive. They possess nucleic acids but lack the ability to convert energy. Viruses rather act as parasites that invade a cell and cause it to follow the instructions of the viral genetic material to make virus particles.
life, living, being alive, animate existence, being, existence
the living, living and breathing world
living being, being, soul, spirit
plant life, vegetable life
animal life, animality
human life, humankind
gift of life, birth, nativity, origin
new birth, rejuvenation, revivification, renaissance, revival
life to come, the hereafter, future state
immortal life, heaven
vivification, vitalization, animation
vitality, vital force, vital principle, élan vital, life force
beating heart, strong pulse
will to live, hold on life, survival, cat’s nine lives, longevity, long duration
animal spirits, liveliness, animation, moral sensibility
wind, breath, breathing, respiration
vital air, breath of life, breath of one’s nostrils
lifeblood, essential part
vital spark, vital flame
vital necessity, nourishment, staff of life, food
biological function, parenthood, motherhood, fatherhood, propagation
sex, sexual activity, coition
living matter, protoplasm, bioplasm, ectoplasm, tissue, living tissue
cell, unicellular organism, organism
cooperative living, symbiosis, association
lifetime, one’s born days
life expectancy, life span, life cycle
capacity for life, survivability, viability, viableness, possibility
existence: subsistence, life
substance: body, flesh and blood, living matter, life
essential part: life, lifeblood, sap
time: the whole time, the entire period, life, lifetime
period: life, lifetime, life sentence
affairs: world, life, situation, circumstance
vitality: vim, vigor, liveliness, life
vigorousness: vigorousness, lustiness, energy, vigor, life, activity
blood: lifeblood, life
organism: living matter, life
biography: life, curriculum vitae, cv, résumé, life story or history
vocation: life, lifestyle, walk of life, career, chosen career, labor of love, self-imposed task, voluntary work
activity: life, stir, motion
restlessness: vivacity, spirit, animation, liveliness, vitality, life
cheerfulness: vitality, spirits, animal spirits, high spirits, youthful high spirits, joie de vivre, life
|Look up meaning in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Meaning may refer to:::
- Meaning (linguistics), meaning which is communicated through the use of language
- Meaning (non-linguistic), extra-linguistic meaning (intentional communication without the use of language), and natural meaning, where no intentions are involved at all
- Meaning (semiotics) has to do with the distribution of signs in sign relations
- Meaning as a relationship ontology and truth
- Meaning as a reference or equivalence
- Meaning (philosophy of language)
- Meaning (psychology)
- Meaning as values, a value system or as derived from value theory
- Meaning (existential), as it is understood in contemporary existentialism
- The meaning of life, a notion concerning the nature of human existence
- Meaning (House), an episode of the TV series House