Illustration Credits

You may legally use a copyrighted illustration only if you have received written permission from the copyright holder. With this permission, the copyright holder will usually provide a credit line. A credit is often listed in parentheses at the end of the illustration’s caption.

The Peabody Garden in full bloom. (Photograph by Ed White)

If your document includes a large number of illustrations, you may prefer to list all of the credits together on a page at the beginning or end of the document. Some copyright holders, however, insist that a credit be placed on the same page as its illustration. Before creating a separate credits page, be sure you have permission to list all credits in this way.

Wherever you place a credit, you should always reproduce it exactly as the copyright holder has requested.

An uncopyrighted illustration, such as a piece of clip art, does not need to be accompanied by a formal credit. You may choose to add a credit, though, if the original source of the illustration may be of interest to your readers.

See also Captions; Illustration Numbers; Illustrations


cred·it (krĕdʹĭt) noun
Abbr. cr.

1.     Belief or confidence in the truth of something. See synonyms at belief.

2.     A reputation for sound character or quality; standing.

3.     A source of honor or distinction: She is a credit to her family.

4.     Approval for an act, ability, or quality; praise: Why should he get all the credit?

5.     Influence based on the good opinion or confidence of others.

6.     Often credits An acknowledgment of work done, as in the production of a motion picture or publication: At the end of the film we stayed to watch the credits.

7.     a. Official certification or recognition that a student has successfully completed a course of study: He received full credit for his studies at a previous school. b. A unit of study so certified: This course carries three credits.

8.     Reputation for solvency and integrity entitling a person to be trusted in buying or borrowing: You should have no trouble getting the loan if your credit is good.

9.     a. An arrangement for deferred payment of a loan or purchase: a store that offers credit; bought my stereo on credit. b. The terms governing such an arrangement: low prices and easy credit. c. The time allowed for deferred payment: an automatic 30-day credit on all orders.

10.   Accounting. a. The deduction of a payment made by a debtor from an amount due. b. The right-hand side of an account on which such amounts are entered. c. An entry or the sum of the entries on this side. d. The positive balance or amount remaining in a person’s account. e. A credit line.
verb, transitive
cred·it·ed, cred·it·ing, cred·its

1.     To believe in; trust: “She refused steadfastly to credit the reports of his death” (Agatha Christie).

2.     a. To regard as having performed an action or being endowed with a quality: had to credit them with good intentions. b. To ascribe to a person; attribute: credit the invention to him. See synonyms at attribute.

3.     Accounting. a. To enter as a credit: credited $500 to her account. b. To make a credit entry in: credit an account.

4.     To give or award an educational credit to.

5.     Archaic. To bring honor or distinction to.

[French, from Old French, from Old Italian credito, from Latin crēditum, loan from neuter past participle of crēdere, to entrust.]

Although intuition plays a major role in the development of this work, information is drawn from myriad sources – which is perhaps the fruition of our age for which we have access to it through various communications media (while it lasts!) The coordination of this information is the basic intuitive function. Organization of this information is my major contribution here. This is a logical process of the collective experience, mind, and creative expression (function or operation) of the human race.

The credit goes out to all these unique contributions. No person is an island unto themselves. Human existence is a collective existence in which individuals make a contributive effort for the greater good. In this the Ego is not worshiped – the collective accomplishments are the end – product. It is all for the “Will of God” which is the ultimate reason of existence and for which no personal worship is required.



pro·logue also pro·log (prōʹlôg´, -lŏg´) noun

1.     An introduction or a preface, especially a poem recited to introduce a play.

2.     An introduction or introductory chapter, as to a novel.

3.     An introductory act, event, or period.

[Middle English prolog, from Old French prologue, from Latin prologus, from Greek prologos : pro-, before. See pro-2 + logos, speech.]

prologue (noun)

prelude: prelude, preliminary, prolusion, preamble, preface, front matter, prologue, foreword, avant-propos
oration: proem, preamble, prologue, foreword, narration, account, digression, peroration
speaker: prologue, narrator, chorus, actor
dramaturgy: rising of the curtain, prologue, chorus
actor: prologue, speaker

Diagram the context (confusion formula) of a person (human being) within the dynamics of existence. (Scientology illustration).

At the center  (1st dynamic) is the personal self …. as conceived by a father and a mother surrounded by the community in expanding concentric circles which are merely 2 dimensional representations of a multi-dimensional universe.

Intersecting this center is a radius moving outward depicting the stages of a persons development in life (use illustration in the Bhagavad-Gita). Conception, birth, growth, maturity, old age, last breath, egotoplasmic residuals.


Bha·ga·vad-Gi·ta (bä´gə-väd-gēʹtə) noun
A sacred Hindu text that is incorporated into the Mahabharata, an ancient Sanskrit epic. It takes the form of a philosophical dialogue in which Krishna instructs the prince Arjuna in ethical matters and the nature of God.

[Sanskrit bhagavad-gītā, song of the Blessed One (Krishna) : bhagavant-, fortunate, blessed (from bhagaḥ, good fortune) + gītā, song (from gāyati, he sings).]

With a confusion formula by dynamics, objective look at the dimensions surrounding oneself in the world.

Using this chart we then describe the historic context of life on earth past/present/future evolutions, civilizations, cultural context, etc. And the origin of the human race, it’s bloodlines and the so called illuminati hierarchy.

Also within this context the history past/present/future of life in the universes – et’s, ufo’s, interventions, etc. The presence of technology at various stages throughout the dramas of humankind.

The ecological and geological contexts.

Catystrophic events. NELEs. Fossil record. Ice Ages, Pole Shifts, Impacts etc.



es·say (ĕsʹā´, ĕ-sāʹ) noun

1.     (ĕsʹā´) a. A short literary composition on a single subject, usually presenting the personal view of the author. b. Something resembling such a composition: a photojournalistic essay.

2.     A testing or trial of the value or nature of a thing: an essay of the students’ capabilities.

3.     An initial attempt or endeavor, especially a tentative attempt.
verb, transitive
es·sayed, es·say·ing, es·says (ĕ-sāʹ, ĕsʹā´)

1.     To make an attempt at; try.

2.     To subject to a test.

[Middle English essayen, to try, from Old French essaier, from Vulgar Latin *exagiāre, to weigh out, from Late Latin exagium, a weighing : Latin ex-, ex- + Latin agere, to drive.]

– es·sayʹer noun


com·po·si·tion (kŏm´pə-zĭshʹən) noun
Abbr. comp.

1.     a. The combining of distinct parts or elements to form a whole. b. The manner in which such parts are combined or related. c. General makeup: the changing composition of the electorate. d. The result or product of composing; a mixture or compound.

2.     Arrangement of artistic parts so as to form a unified whole.

3.     a. The art or act of composing a musical or literary work. b. A work of music, literature, or art, or its structure or organization.

4.     A short essay, especially one written as an academic exercise.

5.     Law. A settlement whereby the creditors of a debtor about to enter bankruptcy agree, in return for some financial consideration, usually proffered immediately, to the discharge of their respective claims on receipt of payment which is in a lesser amount than that actually owed on the claim.

6.     Linguistics. The formation of compounds from separate words.

7.     Printing. Typesetting.

[Middle English composicioun, from Old French composition, from Latin compositiō, compositiōn-, from compositus past participle of compōnere, to put together. See component.]

– com´po·siʹtion·al adjective
– com´po·siʹtion·al·ly adverb

essay (noun)

arrangement: treatise, essay, composition, article, dissertation, book
reading matter: theme, composition, essay, tract, treatise, dissertation
dissertation: disquisition, essay, examination, analysis, survey, inquiry
article: essay, causerie, feuilleton, belles-lettres
attempt: attempt, essay, bid



Essay, literary composition devoted to presenting the writer’s own ideas on a topic and generally addressing a particular aspect of the subject. The essay often has a brief scope and informal style.

Origin of the Essay Form
The essay, an invention of the European Renaissance and particularly of French writer Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, developed from the Renaissance emphasis on the individual. Montaigne’s Essais (as he called the brief personal prose meditations that he began to publish in 1580) were created in a time of great intellectual and social reorientation.

Anonymity and Pseudonyms
When Renaissance individualism began to decline, essayists often assumed personas and used descriptive pseudonyms, or they remained anonymous. Their themes continued, however, to be determined by personal points of view. Not only for his own protection but perhaps also to establish rapport with his audience, Irish satirist Jonathan Swift pretended to be an economist in “A Modest Proposal” (1729). Perhaps the most prodigious assumer of personas was American humorist Samuel Langhorne Clemens (see Twain, Mark), whose social criticism was voiced in essays variously signed Sergeant Fathom, Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass, Satan, or W. Epaminondas Adrastus Blabb.

Various Styles of the Essay
Because the essay allows a full range and expression of personal concerns, its style is not fixed. It is not even confined to prose, as poems by English writer Alexander Pope illustrate. The essay may be formal or casually conversational. It may be lyrical or adopt the form of a letter. Contemporary American writer Norman Mailer developed a style combining biography, cinematic documentary, history, journalism, and fiction.

The European Tradition
The French tradition inaugurated by Montaigne prospered in the 20th century in the political and social meditations of existentialist writers (see Existentialism) such as Albert Camus and Simone de Beauvoir. Prominent Russian essayist Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn realistically portrayed social injustices, combining fiction with reportage.

20th-Century Developments
The essay has continued to grow, modified by changing times and values. American E. B. White, one of the most graceful of modern prose stylists, wrote humorous reflections on modern life. Among other notable literary essayists are English novelist Virginia Woolf, American novelist and social critic James Baldwin, and American physician Lewis Thomas. Later American essayists also include Susan Sontag and Stephen Jay Gould.

KeyWords A-Z




CG Jung …. Memories and Reflections ….

                        Man as the Second Creator

                        Cognition in the African Plains

Thomas Paine ….

Logic ….



Logic, science dealing with the principles of valid reasoning and argument. Its study is the effort to determine the conditions under which statements, called premises, can lead to a conclusion that is claimed to follow from them. Logical validity is a relationship such that if the premises are true then the conclusion is true. If one or more of the premises is false, the conclusion of a valid argument may be false. On the other hand, an invalid argument may by chance have a true conclusion, due to the specific content of the argument. Logical validity, therefore, depends on the form of the argument, not on its content.

What is now known as classical or traditional logic was first formulated by Greek philosopher Aristotle, who developed rules for correct syllogistic reasoning. A syllogism is an argument made up of statements in one of four forms: “All As are Bs” (universal affirmative), “No As are Bs” (universal negative), “Some As are Bs” (particular affirmative), or “Some As are not Bs” (particular negative).

The field known as symbolic or modern logic was begun in the 19th century by British mathematicians George Boole and Augustus De Morgan. It was further developed by British mathematicians Bertrand Russell and Alfred North Whitehead in Principia Mathematica (3 volumes, 1910-1913). This system covers a greater range of possible arguments and uses symbols for parts of the argument. It also differs from classical logic in its assumptions: The statement “All As are Bs” is rendered in modern logic to mean, “If anything is an A, then it is a B,” which, unlike classical logic, does not assume that any As exist.

Both classical and modern logic are systems of deductive logic, meaning that the truth of the conclusion follows from the truth of the premises with certainty. Systems of logic also include inductive logic, in which the premises are evidence for the conclusion; many-valued logic, in which an assertion may have a value other than true or false; and others.

                        Form follows Function.

                        The Truth can not be synthesized.


truth (trth) noun
plural truths (trthz, trths)

1.     Conformity to fact or actuality.

2.     A statement proven to be or accepted as true.

3.     Sincerity; integrity.

4.     Fidelity to an original or a standard.

5.     Reality; actuality.

6.     Truth (trth) Christian Science. God.

[Middle English trewthe, loyalty, from Old English trēowth.]

Synonyms: truth, veracity, verity, verisimilitude. These nouns refer to the quality of being in accord with fact or reality. Truth is a comprehensive term that in all of its nuances implies accuracy and honesty: “Every man is fully satisfied that there is such a thing as truth, or he would not ask any questions” (Charles S. Peirce). “We seek the truth, and will endure the consequences” (Charles Seymour). Veracity is adherence to the truth: “Veracity is the heart of morality” (Thomas H. Huxley). Verity often applies to an enduring or repeatedly demonstrated truth: “beliefs that were accepted as eternal verities” (James Harvey Robinson). Verisimilitude is the quality of having the appearance of truth or reality: “merely corroborative detail, intended to give artistic verisimilitude to an otherwise bald and unconvincing narrative” (W.S. Gilbert).

                        Dialectic Method / Hegel  : Thesis/Anti-thesis


                                         (Any and all available)

                        Facts arranged in a logical sequence of 




 Illogic ….

                         Omissions in the logical sequence of the facts.

 Scientific Method

 scientific method

scientific method (sĪ´ən-tĭfʹĭk mĕthʹəd) noun
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to demonstrate the truth or falseness of the hypothesis, and a conclusion that validates or modifies the hypothesis.


Scientific Method

Scientific Method, term denoting the principles that guide scientific research and experimentation, and also the philosophic bases of those principles. Definitions of scientific method use such concepts as objectivity and acceptability. Objectivity indicates the attempt to observe things as they are, without falsifying observations to agree with some preconceived world view. Acceptability is judged in terms of the degree to which observations and experiments can be reproduced.

Scientific method also involves the interplay of induction (reasoning from specific observations and experiments to more general hypotheses and theories) and deduction (reasoning from theories to account for specific experimental results). Science has tremendous scope, however, and its separate disciplines can differ greatly in terms of subject matter and methods of observation. No single path to discovery exists in science, and no clear-cut description can be given for all the ways in which scientific truth is pursued.

The test of the validity of a scientific hypothesis is its consistency with the totality of other aspects of the scientific framework. This inner consistency constitutes the basis for the concept of causality in science, according to which every effect is assumed to be linked with a cause. The scientific community judges the work of its members by the objectivity and rigor with which that work has been conducted.


CG Jung …. Memories and Reflections ….

                        Man as the Second Creator

                        Cognition in the African Plains

Thomas Paine ….


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