W is for Wisdom, Word, and Worldviews
W = Wisdom and Guidance, Logic and Sanity.
wis·dom (wĭzʹdəm) noun
1. Understanding of what is true, right, or lasting; insight: “One cannot have wisdom without living life” (Dorothy McCall).
2. Common sense; good judgment: “It is a characteristic of wisdom not to do desperate things” (Henry David Thoreau).
3. a. The sum of scholarly learning through the ages; knowledge: “In those homely sayings was couched the collective wisdom of generations” (Maya Angelou). b. Wise teachings of the ancient sages.
4. A wise outlook, plan, or course of action.
5. Wisdom Bible. Wisdom of Solomon.
[Middle English, from Old English wīsdōm.]
wisdom, ripe wisdom, wise understanding, mature understanding, sapience
grasp of intellect, profundity of thought, thought
depth, depth of mind, breadth of mind, reach of mind, enlargement of mind
experience, lifelong experience, digested experience, ripe experience, fund of experience, ripe knowledge, knowledge
tolerance, broad-mindedness, catholic outlook
right views, soundness
mental poise, mental balance, sobriety, objectivity, enlightenment
thought: deep thought, profound thought, depth of thought, profundity, wisdom
judgment: wise judgment, judgment of Solomon, wisdom
knowledge: lights, enlightenment, wisdom
erudition: erudition, lore, wisdom, scholarship, letters, literature, learning
policy: statesmanship, wisdom
advice: words of wisdom, wisdom
caution: prudence, discretion, worldly wisdom, wisdom
divine attribute: omniscience, wisdom, knowledge
In language, a word is the smallest element that may be uttered in isolation with semantic or pragmatic content (with literal or practical meaning). This contrasts with a morpheme, which is the smallest unit of meaning but will not necessarily stand on its own. A word may consist of a single morpheme (for example: oh!, rock, red, quick, run, expect), or several (rocks, redness, quickly, running, unexpected), whereas a morpheme may not be able to stand on its own as a word (in the words just mentioned, these are -s, -ness, -ly, -ing, un-, -ed).
A complex word will typically include a root and one or more affixes (rock-s, red-ness, quick-ly, run-ning, un-expect-ed), or more than one root in a compound (black-board, rat-race). Words can be put together to build larger elements of language, such as phrases (a red rock), clauses (I threw a rock), and sentences (He threw a rock too but he missed).
The term word may refer to a spoken word or to a written word, or sometimes to the abstract concept behind either. Spoken words are made up of units of sound called phonemes, and written words of symbols called graphemes, such as the letters of the English alphabet.
A comprehensive world view (or worldview) is the fundamental cognitive orientation of an individual or society encompassing the entirety of the individual or society’s knowledge and point-of-view, including natural philosophy; fundamental, existential, and normative postulates; or themes, values, emotions, and ethics. The term is a calque of the German word Weltanschauung [ˈvɛlt.ʔanˌʃaʊ.ʊŋ] ( listen), composed of Welt (‘world’) and Anschauung (‘view’ or ‘outlook’). It is a concept fundamental to German philosophy and epistemology and refers to a wide world perception. Additionally, it refers to the framework of ideas and beliefs through which an individual, group or culture interprets the world and interacts with it.
A worldview is a network of presuppositions which is not verified by the procedures of natural science but in terms of which every aspect of man’s knowledge and experience is interpreted and interrelated.